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Arthritis of the shoulder

 

arthritis of the shoulder, x-ray

 

Here you can read:
What is an arthritis of the shoulder ?
Signs and symptoms of a shoulder arthritis ?
Development of a shoulder arthritis ?
How to treat a shoulder arthritis ?
Who is at risk for a shoulder arthritis ?

 

What is an arthritis of the shoulder ?
An arthritis of the shoulder is a bony destruction of the shoulder. There is less or no more cartilage on the humeral head and / or glenoid.


Signs and symptoms of a shoulder arthritis ?
There are two symptoms: 1. pain in the affected shoulder or upper humerus, 2. movement of the shoulder joint becomes less and less and a partial or complette stiffness develops. Pain is present while moving the arm and shoulder and night pain is very disturbing.


Development of a shoulder arthritis ?
A posttraumatic arthritis is a possible cause. Due to a fracture the shoulder joint might be destructed. A rheumatoid arthritis leads to a destruction of the shoulder, in the end stage. Quite often it´s "primary" arthritis, which means, that the cause is not known. Probably due to genetic prerequisities a shoulder joint destruction appears. Within this scope a familiary disposition can be observed in a few patients. A necrosis of the humeral head might also end in a shoulder joint arthritis.

How to treat a shoulder arthritis ?
In the beginning therapy of an arthritis od the shoulder joint is nonoperative, which means that local injections into the shoulder joint as well as physical and physiotherapy are applied. In contrast to the hip and knee there is no weight bearing at the shoulder and in further stages the results of an arthroscopic debridement and lavage are very good.
If shoulder joint degeneration succeeds arthroplasty / shoulder prosthesis are implanted. This could be a cup prosthesis ( ? surface replacement ), a hemi or total shoulder.

 

X-ray of a shoulder arthritis with cuff tear and typically leading to reversed shoulder prosthesis

Typical x-ray of a shoulder arthritis with a rotator cuff tear making a reversed prosthesis necessary.

 

Who is at risk for a shoulder arthritis ?
Some arthritic conditions are due an unknown cause, probably due to a genetic predisposition. We call it a "primary arthritis" of the shoulder.
Other reasons for a joint destruction are old fractures, which are malunited or have healed with deformities. Also, after shoulder infections or with the scope of a rheumatoid disease an arthritis of the shoulder might develop. These conditions are called a "secondary arthritis" of the shoulder.
Some working conditions or jobs with excessive overloads might contribute to the development of a shoulder arthritis.
 

 

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Other themes & sites arround the shoulder:

Diseases of the shoulder ( german ): http://www.schulterinfo.de , http://www.schulter.info

Diseases of the shoulder ( english ): http://www.shoulderinformation.com

Shoulder arthroplasty: http://www.schulterprothesen.net , http://www.schulterprothesen.com , http://www.shoulderprosthesis.com , http://www.prothesenatlas.de

Frozen shoulder ( german ): http://www.schultersteife.de

Shoulder specialists ( german ): http://www.schulterspezialisten.de

Shoulder examination ( german ): http://www.schulteruntersuchung.de

Shoulder videos ( german ): http://www.schultervideo.de